Kathmandu is the largest city and capital of Nepal and the namesake of the Kathmandu Valley. The city is located in the northwestern part of Kathmandu Valley and it covers an area of 50.67 square kilometers. The city generally has a pleasant climate with comfortable warm days followed by the cool mornings and nights. Kathmandu’s Tribhuvan International Airport is the largest and only international airport in Nepal.
The city's rich history is nearly 2000 years old, as inferred from an inscription in the valley. The ancient and refined traditional culture in Kathmandu, for that matter in the whole of Nepal, is an uninterrupted and exceptional meeting of the Hindu and Buddhist ethos practiced by its highly religious people. It has also embraced in its fold the cultural diversity provided by the other religions such as Jainism, Islam and Christianity. People of other religious beliefs also live in Kathmandu giving it a cosmopolitan culture.
Kathmandu valley has been described as “An Enormous Treasure House of Art and Sculptures”. These treasures are made of wood, stone, metal and terracotta, and found in profusion in various temples, shrines, stupas, gompas, chaityas and palaces. Kathmandu is the best place to shop in Nepal for contemporary handicrafts, fashion clothing, great books, music or traditional souvenirs and curios.